CN, Vermont’s only Class I railroad, owns three miles of track in Alburg connecting New England Central Railroad to its through line to Montreal and thereafter Canadian destinations. CN operates a daily train from Montreal as far as St. Albans, VT including trackage rights over the New England Central .
Part of the Vermont Rail System family, the CLP is a privately-owned and operated railroad with 18 miles of track, seven of which are in New York State. The CLP operates between Rutland and Whitehall, New York, acting as a “bridge line” carrier for commodities from Canadian Pacific Railway moving to and from Vermont Railway and Green Mountain Railroad. GMRC’s “Green Mountain Gateway” to Bellows Falls handles rail freight to and from the New England Central Railroad, Providence and Worcester Railroad Company (www.pwrr.com) and the Mass Central Railroad (www.masscentralrr.com). CLP also hosts Amtrak passenger service between Whitehall, New York and Rutland, and it directly serves Vermont’s largest rail shipper, OMYA, Inc., at Florence by a branch line.
Provides terminal switching and trans-load in West Lebanon and Claremont NH. The West Lebanon operation interchanges with Pan-Am Railways, New England Central Railroad and the Vermont Rail System in White River Junction.
This railroad operates on a state-owned rail line with a short term lease for local and through service from White River Jct., to the southern limit of the Newport rail yard where it connects with the Montreal, Maine and Atlantic and in White River were it connects with the NECR, the Concord Claremont Railroad, and the Springfield Terminal Railroad.
Part of the Vermont Rail System family, this privately-owned railroad operates on a state-owned rail line in a long term lease partnership since 1964 with the State of Vermont. It provides freight services between Rutland and Bellows Falls over 50 miles of track. (Formerly the east-west portion of Rutland Railroad.)
Most traffic is overhead between customers along the Vermont Railway or interchange with the Canadian Pacific Railroad in Whitehall, NY and with the New England Central Railroad in Bellows Falls, VT, which provides haulage services for traffic interchanged with CSX and with their own customers in Massachusetts. Principal commodities are lumber and building products, steel, petroleum products, highway de-icing salt, talc products, calcium carbonate (limestone) products, cement, feed grain, and plastics. GMRC directly serves the Luzenac America, Inc. plant in Ludlow, which ships talc products throughout the United States and Canada.
GMRC started operations in 1965 and pays a percentage of its gross revenues to the state as do other railroad operating companies leasing state-owned rail lines. It provides excursion passenger services between Bellows Falls, Chester and Rutland.
The LVRR historically operated between Swanton and St. Johnsbury. The rail infrastructure has been removed and the right of way has become a multi-use trail with the property railbanked pursuant to federal and Vermont law, similar to the Mississquoi and Beebe Spur Rail Trails.
NECR is a wholly owned subsidiary of Genesee & Wyoming.
NECR operates 325 miles from the Canadian border at East Alburg, Vermont to New London, Connecticut on Long Island Sound. Much traffic moves through Vermont from the Canadian National to customers in Southern New England. In addition NECR brings Canadian petroleum and gas to Vermont, wood chips to Burlington Electric, grain to a number of Vermont feed distributors and interchange traffic to the Vermont Rail System and Claremont & Concord Railroads. Principal commodities hauled are forest products, paper, primary metal products, agricultural feed and feed ingredients, road salt, chemicals, and petroleum products. It employs approximately 104 people.
The NECR was preceeded by the Central Vermont Railway, which was owned by Canadian National. New England Central took over in 1995.
NECR has nine interchange locations with both Class I and regional connecting carriers as follows: Canadian National at St. Albans, CSX Transportation at Palmer, Massachusetts, Green Mountain Railroad at Bellows Falls, Guilford Rail System and the Washington County Railroad Connecticut River Subdivision at White River Junction, Massachusetts Central Railroad at Palmer, Massachusetts, Providence and Worcester Railroad at New London and Willimantic, Conn. (early 2007), Vermont Railway at Burlington, Washington County Railroad at Montpelier Jct., and Claremont & Concord RR at Claremont Jct., New Hampshire and White River Jct.
Additionally the Bellows Falls interchange with the Green Mountain Railroad serves as a connection to the Norfolk Southern and Canadian Pacific railroads via a haulage agreement with the Green Mountain Railroad.
In addition to regular line haul moves to direct receivers, and bridge shipments between their connections, NECR also has several distribution and warehouse centers located on the line. These centers, located in Vermont, Massachusetts, New Hampshire and Connecticut, handle lumber and other forest products, paper and paper products, plastic, steel, and steel products.
NECR has cleared their main line to handle double stack and trilevel automobile rack carriers to intermodal and automobile distribution facilities via its interchange connection with Providence and Worcester Railroad.
The NECR hosts a daily Amtrak service, The Vermonter, which provides passenger service parralleling I-91 and I-89 between St. Albans and New York City.
Pan-Am Railway (formerly Guilford Transportation; Boston & Maine Railroad)
The B&M Vermont operation consists of 6.28 miles of track slicing off the corner of Vermont through Pownal on a line that runs between Mechanicville, N.Y., Lowell, Mass., and Maine. and service in the Connecticut River valley still run on trackage rights over the New England Central Railroad as far as White River Junction.
P&W is a regional freight railroad operating in Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut and New York. The Company is the only interstate freight carrier serving the State of Rhode Island and possesses the exclusive and perpetual right to conduct freight operations over the Northeast Corridor between New Haven, Conn. and the Massachusetts / Rhode Island border.
The Company began independent operations in 1973 and through a series of acquisitions of connecting lines, has grown from 45 miles of track to its current system of approximately 545 miles. Double stack intermodal facilities are operated by the P&W in Worcester, Mass., a strategic location for regional transportation and distribution enterprises.
P&W has upgraded its connection to the Vermont railroads in terms of both track structure and clearances at an estimated expense of $1.4 million.
The St. Lawrence & Atlantic Railroad (SL&A) is a wholly-owned subsidiary of Genesee & Wyoming Inc., a publicly-traded short line railroad holding company, headquartered in Greenwich, Connecticut. SL&A consists of 165 miles of main line track in Maine, New Hampshire and Vermont. Its affiliate, the St. Lawrence & Atlantic Railroad (Quebec) Inc., (SLQ), consists of 94 miles of track in Quebec, which connects with SL&A at Norton, Vermont. SL&A operates 32 miles from Norton, Vermont, to North Stratford, New Hampshire. It has a freight yard and office in Island Pond, Vermont. It is the only rail line in Vermont, New Hampshire and Maine capable of moving hi-cube, double-stacked containers on freight cars the entire length of the railroad. SL&A’s corporate office is located in Auburn, Maine.
SL&A interchanges in Norton, Vermont, with SLQ, which interchanges traffic with Canadian National Railway at Richmond, Quebec; in North Stratford, New Hampshire, with New Hampshire Central Railroad; in Groveton, New Hampshire, with New Hampshire Vermont Railroad; and in Danville Junction, Maine, with Pan Am Railway (formerly Guilford Rail System’s Springfield Terminal). Approximately @26,000 annual carloads of SL&A traffic travel through Vermont, of which approximately @2,060 carloads of traffic originate or terminate in Vermont. Freight handled consists of carload and mixed intermodal shipments of paper, forest products, chemicals, grain, salt and various consumer goods.
SL&A employs 75; twelve of which are based in Vermont, many of whom live near Island Pond. Presently, there are no passenger operations on the line; however, the potential of passenger service exists between Montreal, Vermont, New Hampshire and Portland, Maine.
This privately-owned railroad has operated a state-owned rail line in a long term lease partnership with the State of Vermont since 1964. (No. Bennington-Burlington portion of the former Rutland Railroad.) It provides both freight and passenger services along its system route. VTR currently has freight interchanges with Canadian Pacific Railway (via CLP) at Whitehall, New York, offering service to New England Central Railroad at Burlington and Green Mountain Railroad at Rutland.
Commodities handled include calcium carbonate (limestone), petroleum products, feed grains, food products, plastics, lumber and building products, highway de-icing salt, cement, aggregates, talc products, LP gas and fertilizers. The two largest customers are Omya in Florence and Global, the oil terminal in Burlington which supplies the bulk of Northern Vermont's gasoline and heating oil.
VTR currently operates 127 miles of track within Vermont. It hosts Amtrak passenger service at Rutland and specialty excursion trains throughout the year.
The entire VTR has become known as the "Western Corridor," also known as ABRBE (for Albany-Bennington-Rutland-Burlington-Essex Jc). The State of Vermont is involved in a process of rebuilding the line to 59mph to allow Amtrak to run to Burlington.
This privately-owned railroad operates a state-owned rail line with a short term lease partnership with the State of Vermont in the Montpelier/Barre area. It currently has freight connections with NECR at Montpelier Junction and with Vermont Railway (through a haulage arrangement with NECR). Its primary commodities are now lumber, granite and silicon carbide since the Bombardier plant in Barre Town was closed in 2002. It also operates the Connecticut River Subdivision from White River Jct., to the southern limit of the Newport yard where it connects with the Montreal, Maine and Atlantic and in White River with the NECR, the Concord Claremont Railroad and Springfield Terminal Railroad.
2 Railroads are classified for federal regulatory purposes and by the two major railroad associations in the United States, the American Association of Railroads (AAR) and the American Short Line And Regional Railroad Association (ASLRRA).
There is a precise revenue-based definition of categories of U.S. railroads found in the regulations of the federal Surface Transportation Board (STB). The STB's accounting regulations group rail carriers into three classes for purposes of accounting and reporting (49 CFR Part 1201 Subpart A):
Class I: Carriers with annual carrier operating revenues of $289.4 million or more.
Class II: Carriers with annual carrier operating revenues of less than $289.4 million but in excess of $40 million.
Class III: Carriers with annual carrier operating revenues of $40 million or less, and all switching and terminal companies regardless of operating revenues.
These threshold figures are adjusted annually for inflation using the base year of 1991.
The American Association of Railroads is a business association of Class I railroads. The American Short Line and Regional Railroad Association is a business association serving Class II and III railroads. Regional railroads are line-haul railroads operating at least 350 miles of road and/or earning revenue between $40 million and the Class I revenue threshold. Short line railroads fall into two categories: Local railroads are line-haul railroads below the regional criteria, plus switching and terminal railroads. Switching & Terminal railroads are railroads that are either jointly owned by two railroads for the purpose of transferring cars between railroads or operate solely within a facility or group of facilities. Generally, Class III carriers are referred to as short lines, and Class II carriers are referred to as regional railroads.
3 Transport containers are designed and sized for carriage by truck and by rail in standardized dimensions. Double stack means that the two containers can be stacked on top of each other for shipment on a specially designed rail car. Tractor truck trailers can be shipped as well by rail on flat cars (TOFC).
4 It is the state rail policy that improvements to state-owned and private rail infrastructure should be constructed to a standard that will accommodate rail equipment at a laden weight of 315,000 pounds, except in those instances where the secretary determines that an improvement or maintenance to a lesser weight standard is appropriate for the uses of a particular rail line. 1999 Vt. Act No. 18, Sec.10